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Here’s What Really Happens When You Eat Mold: Debunking the Myths

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We’ve all been there – you reach into your fridge for a snack, take a bite, and then notice that it’s moldy. It’s a moment that can make your stomach turn and leave you wondering: what happens if you eat mold? Is it safe or should you be concerned about your health? In this article, we’ll dive deep into the topic and consult with food safety experts to separate fact from fiction. So, let’s get started and debunk the myths surrounding eating mold!

The Truth About Eating Mold

When it comes to eating mold, the effects can vary depending on the type of mold and the individual’s immune system. According to Benjamin Chapman, Ph.D., a professor and food safety specialist at North Carolina State University, many foods naturally have mold spores on them. It’s not uncommon for fresh produce like strawberries or raspberries to show signs of mold spoilage, as the mold spores are often present from the harvest environment. In fact, consuming mold is a daily occurrence for most people.

However, this doesn’t mean that you should consume moldy breads and cheeses without concern. Mold can grow and cause spoilage, leading to potential sickness. Some individuals may experience symptoms like nausea or vomiting after consuming mold, which is the body’s natural way of trying to eliminate the mold. It’s important to note that while it’s possible to eat something moldy and be fine, there are risks involved.

Understanding the Safety of Eating Mold

While certain foods are meant to be moldy, such as blue cheese and mushrooms, there are instances where consuming mold can be dangerous. Some molds produce mycotoxins, which are toxic compounds naturally produced by certain types of fungi. Mycotoxins can lead to symptoms like nausea, cramping, and vomiting. Foods like corn, wheat, and peanuts are particularly prone to mycotoxin production when mold grows on them.

It’s worth noting that mycotoxin production on prepared food hasn’t been extensively studied, so safety recommendations tend to be conservative. Additionally, mycotoxins are heat stable, meaning they won’t be destroyed through cooking. Distinguishing molds that produce mycotoxins by appearance alone is challenging, further emphasizing the need for caution when dealing with moldy food.

Apart from mycotoxins, mold can also contain aflatoxins, which are a family of toxins that can cause liver damage and have been identified as a risk factor for cancer. To minimize aflatoxin exposure, it’s recommended to purchase major commercial brands of nuts and nut butters and discard any nuts that appear moldy, discolored, or shriveled.

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Individuals with a penicillin allergy should also be cautious when consuming moldy food. There have been reported cases of severe allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis, in individuals with mold allergies after consuming moldy products. While these cases are rare, it’s essential for those with mold allergies to be aware of the potential risks.

When to Seek Medical Help

In most cases, consuming moldy food will not result in severe illness. The human immune system is generally capable of handling small amounts of mold without adverse effects. However, if you know that you have eaten moldy food and experience prolonged symptoms like nausea and vomiting, it’s advisable to seek medical attention. In some instances, a doctor may prescribe medication to induce vomiting or diarrhea to help flush out the system.

It’s important to remember that the odds of getting seriously sick from eating mold are low for individuals with a normally functioning immune system. Even in extreme cases, it is highly unlikely to result in fatality. However, if you have any concerns or experience severe symptoms, it’s always better to err on the side of caution and consult a healthcare professional.

Identifying and Handling Moldy Food

Now that we’ve established the potential risks of eating moldy food, let’s discuss how to identify and handle mold properly. Mold develops on food under certain conditions, which can include poor storage, age of the product, or the presence of transient mold in the environment. It’s crucial to be able to recognize signs of mold, such as white spots, unusual colored patches, or food that is softer than normal or smells bad.

While it may be tempting to scrape off the mold and consume the rest of the food, this is not recommended. It’s impossible to determine the safety of a mold by sight alone. Some molds can be highly toxic to humans and can cause allergic reactions and respiratory problems. Others can produce dangerous substances like aflatoxins, which can be extremely harmful, even fatal.

Cutting around the moldy portion of certain foods may seem like a solution, but it’s important to consider the potential presence of bacteria. Moisture on the food can lead to the growth of both mold and bacteria, which can cause serious foodborne illnesses. Certain foods, such as soft vegetables and fruits, lunch meats, yogurt, jams and jellies, restaurant leftovers, and peanut butter, should be discarded if moldy.

However, there are some moldy foods that can be salvaged, particularly those with lower moisture content. Hard cheeses with a hard rind, like cheddar and Swiss, as well as hard vegetables such as cabbage, bell peppers, and carrots, can be saved if the moldy portions are removed. It’s essential to cut at least one inch around the moldy spots to minimize the presence of spores and contaminants.

When it comes to fruits like bananas, if the mold is only on the peel and not on the fruit itself, it is generally safe to eat. However, if you notice any unusual smells or mold on the stem, it’s best to discard the fruit entirely.

Preventing Mold Growth in Your Kitchen

Prevention is key when it comes to avoiding moldy food. Here are some tips to keep your kitchen and fridge mold-free:

  1. Keep your fridge clean: Regularly clean your fridge to prevent mold growth. Spills and food residue can provide a breeding ground for mold and bacteria. Use a solution of baking soda dissolved in water to clean the inside of the fridge and remove any visible mold with a bleach solution if necessary.
  2. Store food properly: Properly store your food to minimize the risk of mold growth. Cover refrigerated food with lids, foil, or plastic wrap to prevent spores from spreading. Additionally, discard any food that has reached its expiration date or shows signs of spoilage.
  3. Maintain appropriate temperatures: Set your refrigerator temperature to 40 degrees Fahrenheit or lower and ensure that your freezer is at zero degrees Fahrenheit. Avoid keeping the fridge door open for extended periods to maintain a consistent temperature.


In conclusion, while it’s possible to eat moldy food and be fine in many cases, there are risks involved. Some molds can produce mycotoxins and aflatoxins, which can lead to symptoms like nausea, cramping, and vomiting, and pose long-term health risks. It’s crucial to exercise caution and discard moldy food when in doubt. By following proper storage and cleaning practices, you can minimize the chances of encountering moldy food and ensure the safety of what you consume. Remember, it’s better to be safe than sorry when it comes to your health!

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